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Visiting the Grave of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him

قَال الله تَعَالى ﴿وَلَوْ أَنَّهُم إذْ ظَلَمُوا أنْفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللهَ واسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللهَ تَوَّابًا رَحِيمًا﴾ سورة النساء/64

Which means Suratun-Nisa’, Ayah 64 means, If only, when they are unjust to themselves, they come to you and ask Allah for forgiveness, and the Messenger asks forgiveness for them, Allah will forgive them and have mercy upon them.”

There is consensus among the scholars that it is sunnah to visit the grave of the Prophet, peace be upon him, both for he who lives in al-Madinah and he who travels there for the express purpose of visiting the Prophet’s grave, and doing so is a great act of obedience. 

Qadi ^Iyad and an-Nawawiyy both reported the scholarly consensus (Ijma^) on this issue. It is sunnah for the visitor to also have the intention to travel to pray in the mosque of the Prophet.

Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wasallam said: [ من زار قبري وجبت له شفاعتي ] which means: He who visits my grave, will be granted my greatest intercession.” This hadith is reported by ad-Daraqutniyy and strengthened by Hafidh as-Subkiyy

Brothers in Islam, whoever travels to al-Madinah for this purpose should keep in mind the great honour of the city of al-Madinah, and that it is the best city after Makkah. He should ask Allah to benefit him from this visit which is an act of worship.

It is sunnah to perform the purificatory bath (ghusl) before entering al-Madinah and to wear one’s cleanest clothes. Upon entering the mosque of the Prophet, one says words in Arabic the meaning of which is the following:

I enter with the Name of Allah. Praise be to Him.

O Allah , raise the rank of Prophet Muhammad and his Al and protect his nation from that which he fears for them.

O Allah, forgive my sins.

Open for me the Gates of Your Mercy (Guide me to the ways in which I may earn Your Mercy).

Three images - Inside the Chamber of Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him

One enters the mosque with one’s right foot and exits with one’s left. One enters the mosque with the intention to go to the Rawdah (The Rawdah is the area between the grave of the Prophet, sallAllahu ^alayhi wa sallam, and his pulpit (mimbar) and pray Tahiyyatul-Masjid there next to the mimbar.

Then, one moves to the grave of the Prophet and stands politely in front of it, about four cubits away from it, facing it, with one’s back to the Qiblah. Standing there, one looks to the ground, without thinking about the worldly matters, having one’s heart full with love and respect for the Prophet, who is buried there. One says in a medium (normal) voice words in Arabic the meaning of which is the following:

As-salamu ^alayka; O Messenger of Allah .

As-salamu ^alayka; O Prophet of Allah.

As-salamu ^alayka; O the Best among the Creations of Allah .

As-salamu ^alayka; O Beloved One of Allah .

As-salamu ^alayka; O the One chosen by Allah .

As-salamu ^alayka; O you, the Master of the Messengers and the Seal of the Prophets.

As-salamu ^alayka; O the Best of the entire creations.

May Allah raise your rank in the best, most perfect, and greatest way Allah  raised the rank of anyone among the entire creation.

I bear witness that no one is God except Allah, without any partner with Him.

I bear witness that you are the slave of Allah and His Messenger and the best among His creations.

I bear witness that you conveyed the Message and you fulfilled the trust with which Allah ordered you. And you truly advised your nation for the good matters.

O Allah , give Prophet Muhammad a high status, and give him a great merit, and enable him to intercede for the people on the Day of Judgment as You promised him. Give him the ultimate (among the good things) of what a person may ask You.

The one who does not to memorize all this du^a’, or does not have time to say all of it can merely say “As-salamu ^alayka, ya Rasul-Allah .”

One should not leave that place without at least saying this.

Then, one moves one cubit to the right to say salam to Abu Bakr, saying words in Arabic the meaning of which is the following :

As-salamu ^alayka, O Abu Bakr, the one chosen by the Prophet, and the other person who was with him in the cave.

May Allah reward you with a high reward for what you did for the nation of the Prophet.

Then, one moves again to the right one cubit, and says salam to our Master ^Umar, saying words in Arabic the meaning of which is the following:

As-salamu ^alayka, O ^Umar, the one by whom Allah strengthened Islam.

May Allah reward you with a high reward for what you did for the nation of the Prophet.

Then, one returns to the place where one first stood in front of the grave of the Prophet and makes tawassul (To make tawassul means to ask Allah for good things by the Prophet, sallAllah u ^alayhi wa sallam) by the Prophet, asking Allah for what one wishes (by the status of) the Prophet. Then, one turns to face the Qiblah and makes du^a’ for oneself and for whomever one wishes.

If a person had asked one to give his salams to the Prophet, let one say words in Arabic the meaning of which is the following:

As-salamu ^alayka, O Messenger of Allah from (one names the person).

Or (One names the person) gives his salam to you, O Messenger of Allah .

In the end we ask Allah  to grant us the ability to perform the pilgrimage and ^umrah and the privilege of being able to visit Prophet Muhammad at his grave. Ameen.